THE COURTS OF NEVADA COUNTY: Introduction of Law— The Mexican Courts— Supreme Court— District Court —County Court— Court of Sessions — Probate Court — Justices of the Peace —Courts Under the New Constitution. In all such cases it has been the constant care of the historian to view the matter from all sides and pre- sent the facts as they seem to him to bear the best evidence and come from the source most likely to be correct. Having completed his education at Parma, he joined the order of Jesuits and went to Mexico as a missionary in 1675. Even in these cases conflicting statements are made, and not strangely; for it is well known that testimony given by eye witnesses in a judicial trial often varies in important particulars, when taken immediately subsequent to the event under investigation, and it can but be expected that the elapse of thirty years would but add to the difficulty. Father Tierra, the founder, and afterwards Visitadore General of the missions of California, was a native of Milan, born of noble parentage and Spanish ancestry, in 16 14. 40 16 CHAPTER XVI GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF NEVADA COUNTY. Iniho meantime, in L836, a revolt against the Mexican Government was projeoted by fche white settlers, who seized upon Monterey, the capital, and declared the country inde- pendent. fl .' ii N* 1 ' ■■■Hi o^erte Book No Accession £ 979.437 VSI462A 560847 NOT TO BE TAKEN FROM THE LIBRARY FORM 3427-4SOO-B-44 ^ ; ■ Building ol Saw Mill. The whiles retaliated in kind, villages were destroyed, and the whole country, bighlands and lowlands, was kept in a state of apprehension, rapine, and spoliation, tesembling the condition of Scotland in the times of the Jacobites. There is likewise a blackberry in great abundance; " and in the highlands there is an edible root, which they " call 'amole,' about the size of an onion, and which, after " being roasted in their ovens, has an agreeable, sweetish "taste." Another variety of the amole serves all the pur- poses of soap; but of this, the Father adds naively, "they " have no great need, as their clothing is very scanty. There are likewise nuts of the same quality as in Spain; and on the high ground and sand- " hills strawberries of excellent flavor and much larger than (( those of Europe, which ripen in the months of May and " June. In the woods "they also find acorns which they grind in like manner and " make gruel and balls of. They " roast the flesh of this animal in holes made in the ground, " and when their first voracity is appeased, they hang the (( remainder on trees, and cut pieces off, as they do with the " seal, which they esteem next to the whale.
p bi i W ori I i ■ ( '"■ Birch' ill-- ' 'I" rol u« Fn m li ' lorral IM2— Other Filss— Water Work ;, i- v hi T,. On the l'.'tlt of October, L697, the little parlg of adventurers wenl q hore at Loreto, and were kindly received by about fifty natives, were all indnoed to kneel down and kiss the crucifix.
The Attorneys who Have Constituted the Bar of Nevada County, and Many foterestin In Regard to Them, and to the Legal and Illegal Pro- eeedings in the County. Twice the time could have been spent upon the work and still much be left unsaid ; for what cannot be said of a county that in two short years was transformed fro,,, a wilder- ness of hills, forest, and mountain streams, occupied by bands of ignorant savages, to the home of over twenty thousand peo- ple, whose busy hum ascended upon the unaccu tomed ah to bear witness that one more paradise of nature belonged to civil- ization ? They scalped their slain enemies, and plucked out their eyes which they had the art of preserving, free from decay, and kept as precious signs of victory. MOODY, Proprietor , Truckee Nevada County, California HISTORY OF NEVADA COUNTY. When the con- querors took possession of a new territory, in the name of the King of Spain, the accompanying Father- med it for spiritual empire of the Holy Church, and in this manner California became at once the possession of both the Chnrch State, by right of discovery and redaction.
The Supremaej of the Law-Causes for Mob Violence— Whipping of Studiy- Knm,,r " 11 ,r ""- 1 ■" Bridge*port-The Sandy Brown Case at Nevada fcj -The bdian Collo Hanged at Rough and Ready— The Nl^h-o Brown Hanged at Newtown-Tue Jar of Gold-Almost a Victi nil-Cases of Whipping. -7-Ah Look Escapes a Trial i Ui Luck; to be Hanged. Mc Murtry and the Grim Quinton and Attempted Assas* sination of O. Sfcidger— ' arder at Cooper's Bridge — Bran- nan and the Chinamen — "No Mini Can Hit Me 'With a Rock and Live" — Love's Tournament in Tr ' treasure and Death— The Exploits of Benjamin Reed— Twent I Make Assault and Battery — Murdered by Lamp Light- Street Fight — Crazy for Blood — The Trout Creek Case — Sbol ■ • ■. In the preparation of simply the historical portion, without reference whatever to the illustrations, work has been done that would have occupied one ma ire than a year, and the writer has been engaged upon il conti ly for the past, sevei mths. Although they never ate their prisoners nor their enemies killed in battle, yet, when they had put to death great chiefs, or very courageous men, they sometimes ate pieces of the flesh, as a sign of homage to valor, and in the belief that this food would increase their own courage. Such were the genera] character, habits, and peculiarities of the California Indians, as described by the missionary lathers and occasional travelers, from the advent of the Spaniards to the year L835. It was the custom of the Spanish Government to send out a certain number of Christian missionaries with each espedi- ; tiou, whether for discovery or conquest.
m *w tm fsm wi^'is^iw™ ■niu Bn I i ■ ., • aa-M "i Si in. * 62 CHAPTER XVI J I SETTLEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE COUNTY. They advanced on and took the territorial capital in November, Governor Gutierrez and his seventy men having valiantly shut themselves up in the fort, where they ignominiously surrendered at the very first gun, Gutierrez with his officials was deported to Lower California, and Alvarado had himself appointed Governor iu his stead. The country was then formally declared a free and independent State, providing that in the case the then existing central Government of Mexico should be over- thrown and a federal constitution adopted in its stead, California should enter the federation with the other States.
Climate — Boundaries — Topography — Quadrupeds Bird Fish Reptiles - Thermometer— Snow and Rain Tablt oi Rain Fall. Mountains Unexplored by the Spaniards— The Trappt r i re nl the Mountains in 1844— Battles With the Sno« Tin I A Glimpse of the Valley— Subsisting on Horse Pli b urival Fort— Early Settlements— An Immigrant P l&M — Truckee River— The First House in Ne mit— Death of Captain Truckee -Immigrants in I84C on the Xuba— Prospecting in Nevada Connty in 1848. Thirty American rifleman, under Isaac Graham, from Tennessee, and Bixtj mounted Oalifornians, under General Oastro, composed the entire insurgent army, Alva- rado being the generalissimo. Vallejo was appointed military Coni- mandant-General, and Don Jose Oastro was created Prefect of Police.